Herbs provide taste to your salad, sandwiches, burgers, and many dishes. It is a good thing if you get these herbs from your home. Try to grow perennial herbs in your home so you will get a fresh supply of herbs throughout the year. Perennial plants will save your money and at the same time, you save your time in cultivating new plants every season.
You can start them from seeds but the best thing is to buy them in cell packs from a garden store. Make sure you will provide all the basic needs for them so they can germinate or develop well. Herbs need 6 hours of proper sunlight so make it possible. Another important factor is water, regular water is the reason for providing you fresh herbs.
You can easily grow herbs at home by following some precautions. Now we will discuss popular perennial herbs that can easily grow in your homes.
This plant has purple-blue flowers and hairs delicate flavor which you can use in salads, her butter, scones, and shortbread. Well-drained soil is needed for its better yield, this herb does not like moisture. Before watering it, you should be careful that your soil must dry out. The best time of harvesting it when its flowers are fully open.
Your lavender will be easily ready to use if you follow the instructions.
● Cut a bunch of lavender stalks near the base with a sharp scissor.
● Now tie together and hang it upside down in a warm dry place.
● Make sure this bunch is out of direct sunlight.
● After lavender is ready for use after 2-4 weeks.
● Now gently shake off the blossoms and leaves of lavender into an airtight jar.
Cilantro and coriander are the same plant cilantro is the leafy part and coriander is a seed that is found in the dried flower heads. Seeds, leaves, and flowers are edible of this herb.
You can add this to salsa, salads, and many other recipes. Cilantro plants need well-drained and moist soil. The full sun is another requirement of this herb. For better growth pinch about one inch off the top of young cilantro. In this way, you can prevent bolting and premature seed development.
Keep in your mind that unlike lavender you can’t use dried cilantro. You should use them almost immediately after it is harvested as it begins to lose flavor colorful.
Oregano is the most versatile cooking herb. This herb spreads fast and has stunning little purplish flowers. Pollinators are attracted to its beautiful flowers. It is an essential ingredient in most sauces and homemade pizza. Oregano likes full sun and well-drained soil.
If you want full growth trim it frequently. Use sharp scissors to cut the cluster a bunch of leaves. Hang to dry these leaves in a dark and dry spot. You can prevent your leaves from dust by wrapping them in a perforated paper bag. You can use it in sauces, soups, and pizza.
The shape of the leaves is long and slender; it has pretty pink or purple globe-like flowers. The best thing is that it can adapt to any environment. Rich, fertile, moist, and well-drained soil is needed for this herb. The flowers drop seeds as a result, you get chive plants in successive years.
Choose the location for chives that receive full sunlight. Organic materials like compost make the soil more fertile. The maturity time of chives is about 60 days. You can freeze chives in an airtight bag or use them fresh. You can harvest chives 3-4 times in the first year and in the subsequent growing seasons you can get the monthly harvest.
Rosemary plants like well-drained and sandy soil. Choose the spot where your rosemary plant gets full sun. Rosemary’s roots need proper room to spread in the soil.
It is a fast-growing herb and can quickly grow tall and wide. It needs regular water and pruning and water. You should use fresh clippings of rosemary herbs. You can use the same method of drying lavender (which is mentioned above) for drying rosemary.
This herb will grow well with full sun and well-drained soil. Regular water is necessary to keep the soil moist but overwatering is not good for this herb. It has soft and fuzzy leaves.
This herb can’t tolerate severe winters. In the first season, you will not get enough harvest. Clipping off a few inches of the said plant right above the spot where the leaves meet. You can also dry the leaves of this herb and use them when needed.
7- LEMON BALM
You can grow this herb easily in a raised container but be careful it can become invasive once established. It has heart-shaped leaves and small white flowers which have a very pleasant scent. It is a fast-growing herb that’s why over-harvesting can be possible.
Whenever you need this herb, just pinch off as many leaves as you need. You can freeze lemon balm in ice cubes to use in the most refreshing summer beverages. Lemon balm has antiviral and anti-stress properties. You can also make lemon balm tea which is very beneficial. The taste of salads and herb butter will increase due to its addition.
8- ROMAN CHAMOMILE
Roman Chamomile is a colourful addition to your herbs. Its daisy-like white and yellow flowers make it a useful herb. This herb does not like cool conditions. It loves full sun exposure and dry soil. Make sure it will get water regularly.
This is not like other herbs, you harvest only the flowers of it. You can store these flowers in a large paper bag and let them dry for at least two weeks. You can make herbal tea from these flowers which helps to fight against insomnia.
This herb likes hot conditions and loves to thrive in full sun. Whenever you see the dry soil water the plant at once. This herb can not easily grow from seed, so plant a small thyme plant for positive results.
The best news about thyme is that it can thrive in poor soil and pollinators love its flowers. You can use fresh thyme throughout the growing season. Regular pruning encourages more growth but makes sure to leave at least 5 inches of growth.
There are many types of mint available but you should choose the one which is according to your climatic conditions. The taste of spearmint is fresh and clean but chocolate mint tastes sweet, in the same way, you will get a different taste from the pineapple mint.
It can be grown well from plants instead of seeds. It is the best perennial herb and fills all the available space. You can grow them easily in containers. You can pick the leaves one inch above the soil. It is a versatile herb that is used for many purposes. Another important use of mint is that it can naturally repel mosquitoes which is an incredible benefit of it.
11- GARLIC CHIVES
This herb has thin, grassy leaves and white fragrant flowers. You can also use this herb in the place of garlic but the difference is that it has a milder taste. You can eat both flowers and leaves.
12- WINTER SAVORY
This herb does look like a shrub and has small purple and blue flowers. You can be confused by summer savory but remember it is an annual plant and can’t survive in winter.
After seeing this herb, you can’t believe that you can eat them. This herb has charming and attractive flowers that are lightly scented. The best thing about this herb is that they can re-seed on their own as you can see popping up everywhere next spring.
This herb is like partial shade so it can survive in the hot season when the rays of the sun are very hard to face. As its flowers have colorful faces so you can decorate your cupcakes and salads. You can also freeze them in ice cubes which look fantastic when you add them to your fresh juices.
This herb is not very popular and is less commonly grown. This herb has long leaves and dark red veins. It thrives well in moisture so moist soil is needed for its better development. You can use the leaves of this plant in salads and soups. You can also as a substitute for spinach.
15- SALAD BURNET
This herb is not known by many people although it has attractive tooth-edged leaves and pink flowers. The leaves of this herb have a cucumbery flavor which will add taste to your salads.
This is a graceful plant that has delicate and wispy leaves. It can grow 4 feet tall. Pollinators find attraction in this plant and love the lacy yellow flowers of it. It is an annual plant but it has property it can drop plenty of its seeds that’s why they can grow back. You can use the leaves of this plant in pasta dishes or sausage for a mild flavor.
17- SWEET MARJORAM
This plant has rounded leaves and teeny flowers. It likes sandy soil and can’t tolerate the hardness of frost. If you are living in a hot climate you can grow them as perennial but in a cold climate, they can grow as annuals. This will enhance the taste of soups and many dishes.
This is an old fashioned herb which is not seen nowadays. It is a tall plant and can grow up to several feet. This is generally unfussy. You can use fresh leaves of this herb which gives a light celery flavor in soups and potato dishes.
This is a biennial plant. You can’t wait for seeds to sprout so buy the plants from the nursery. The time of seed germination is about 3 to 5 weeks. This herb is commonly used in salads, soups, sauces, and potato dishes.
20- LEMON VERBENA
Lemon verbena has glossy leaves and very wonderful white flowers. These blossoms bloom from mid to late summer. It is a tropical plant so it can survive only in mild winters. It has a strong lemon scent and enhances the taste of ice tea.