The germination of seeds is very important for the growth of new plants. If you are looking for some tips for growing seeds indoors then you are reading the right article. You will get all the important information about seed germination. It is not an easy task to grow plants from seeds for this purpose you need proper guidance.
Here we are going to give you 20 interesting ways to germinate seeds indoors. These tricks, ideas, and tips will help you in growing seedlings for starting the growing season for your plants.
1- BETTER PLANNING BEFORE PLANTING.
If you want to become an experienced gardener then you should have all the information about the plants. For this purpose, you have to prepare a journal where you can gather all the information regarding the seeds. Like when seeds are sown on a specific plant, the germination date of that plant along with success rate and last but not least you should mention how long seedling will take to ready for transplanting.
After the growing season ends, you have all the basic information about the seeds of plants which you have sown for your garden. So these observations will help you a lot for the growing period of next year. But make sure the quality and reliability should be good of all the seeds so you will get better results.
2- STORE SEEDS PROPERLY TO MAINTAIN VIABILITY
It is important to know that some seeds may survive thousands of years but under favorable conditions, on the other hand, some will lose viability very fastly. If you want to maintain the seeds’ reliability you should store them in a dark and cool place with low humidity.
You can also store the seeds in a refrigerator, it is a good place for storing seeds. Before storing you should label them and mention all the basic information like seed name, source, and year. The second thing you should store the seeds in a reclosable bag or empty film canister.
3- CHECK THE RELIABILITY OF SEEDS BY SOAKING THEM
When you are going to sow the seeds then you can check the viability of seeds by soaking them in water. You can check many seeds but not all. Soak the seeds for a few hours in water and you can easily check the quality of the seeds.
After a few hours, you will see, the seeds which you can use for sowing will sink to the bottom while dead seeds will float on the surface. But keep in mind this test will work well for larger seeds not smaller ones.
4- USE WIDE, FLAT CONTAINERS TO AVOID OVERCROWDING
You should prefer plastic pots or containers to clay pots because they can retain moisture. You should use a wide and shallow container so you can prevent your plants from overcrowding of seedlings.
Those plants which don’t like disturbance should be planted into a small and individual container. For this purpose, you can use empty yogurt or margarine tubs. Make some holes at the bottom of containers before sowing the seeds for drainage.
5- SANITIZE YOUR CONTAINER IN BLEACH SOLUTION
One thing is very important, before using your container must be clean and free of pathogens. To sanitize your container before using, for this purpose you need to soak the container in a 10 percent bleach solution. After 15 minutes take it out from the solution and let it dry in the fresh air.
6- TAMP SEEDS DOWN TO MAKE DIRECT CONTACT WITH THE SOIL
You need a kitchen sieve to gradation of the soil. Seed-starting mixes uniformly over the top of the seeds to the bottom of two times the seed diameters.
If you are sowing very small seeds or those that want the light to germinate, then you can lie these types of seeds directly on the surface. Make sure your seeds have direct contact with the moist soil so they can start to germinate.
7- PREVENT DISEASE BY PROVIDING DRAINAGE
Most of the time the reason for fungal diseases in plants is due to excessive moisture. But you can prevent your plants from this problem by adopting some techniques.
When you cover your seeds with potting mix and tamped them down, that spread a thin layer of 50 percent milled sphagnum and 50 percent of starter chicken grit over the surface. This will help to keep the soil around the new emerging shoots dry and the presence of this layer will provide an inhospitable environment for pathogens.
8- PREVENT FUNGAL DISEASES BY PROVIDING AIRFLOW
You can fungal diseases of plants by making sure that your plants will get a good amount of air. The best way of providing air to new seedlings is to keep a small fan near to your delicate seedlings. So your seedlings will get an appropriate amount of air. Make sure, keep the fan on low and the position of the fan is directed towards the soil of containers so the air will be trapped and stagnant.
9- COVER THE TRAYS WITH PLASTIC WRAP TO KEEP THE MOISTURE LEVEL CONSTANT
Seeds are very delicate and sensitive, that’s why they can’t tolerate overwatering and underwatering. You should avoid heavy watering because it will disturb newly germinated seedlings. If you wrap the plastic over the surface of the pot in which you have sown the seeds. This trick will help to retain the moisture in the soil which will help your seeds to germinate fast.
But you should still check the moisture of the soil daily. If you see the dryness in the soil then dip the container in warm water so the planting medium will get the required amount of water. You can also lift the plastic covering and with the help of a water spray bottle spritz the surface. When your seed starts to germinate then remove the plastic cover of the container.
10- KEEP THE SEEDS WARM TO ENCOURAGE GERMINATION
Most of the seeds need temperatures about 65 to 75 F for healthy germination. You can place the container of the seedlings near the heater or you can also use a space heater for raising the temperature.
A heating pad is designed to place directly under the container, it will provide heat to the container of seeds. Heating will speed up the process of germination but you should be careful because when the temperature rises the soil of the container will be dried so don’t ignore the moisture of the soil.
11- ROTATE CONTAINER OF SEEDLINGS DAILY TO KEEP STEMS STRONG
Sunlight is an important factor for the growth of your plant. For germination, your seeds need 12 to 16 hours of sunlight daily. As you are growing seeds inside your house so they need proper sunlight.
If you are placing the container on the windowsill then you should rotate the container daily. In this way, every side of the container will get even sunlight and prevent the seedlings from developing weak stems.
12- FEED THEM WELL
Your plants need all the major nutrients for healthy growth. Make it possible to supply organic nutrients to the soil so your seedlings will grow strong. As you know every seed has an embryo that relies on food in the endosperm for its growth.
After the emerging of the shoots and the development of true leaves. At this time all the nutrients which are supplied to the embryo consumed and fertilization are required. If you provide liquid fertilizer to your young seedling then it will give strength to your plant. Make sure your plants will get fertilizer weekly.
13- ACCLIMATE SEEDLINGS TO DIRECT SUNLIGHT
It is not easy for the plants to adjust to the new environment after the transplantation. It is necessary before planting them outdoors. To make them use direct sunlight, you should keep them for a few hours in direct sunlight daily.
On the first day, you will keep them in the morning so they can tolerate direct sunlight easily. After that, you can increase the time each day. When you see they are strong enough then you can transplant them outside. This tip will help your plant to adjust to a new environment easily.
14- START SEEDS IN AN EGG CARTON
This is a cheap way of growing your seedling. There is no need of buying plastic seed starter pots or expensive kits, you can grow your seedlings in egg cartons. This is an extraordinary way of growing seedlings. First, you have to cut the Corpse of a carton apart after that individual egg cup with soil and add your seeds in the soil now place your seat cups in a waterproof container.
You can pour the water into the container and the paper cup will soak the water easily. The interesting thing is that you can transplant these seedlings with cups directly in the ground without removing cups. The cups are made with biodegradable material that can easily decompose in the soil. That’s why there is no need to remove these cups.
In the same way, you can also prepare your seedlings in orange feelings, toilet paper rolls, or eggshells.
15- LABEL YOUR CONTAINERS
It is not easy for you to remember the seedlings. So it is necessary to label them so you can easily recognize all types of the seedling.
16- USE SEED STARTING SOIL MIX
It is a lighter medium for growing healthy seedlings. The best starting soil mix can make your seedlings stronger and they will get all the nutrients.
17- USE LEFTOVER PLASTIC CONTAINERS
You can use containers which you previously bought for flowers. This is a cheap way for starting seeds.
18- BE CAREFUL WITH WATERING
There is no need of watering your plants when there is a wrap of plastic on the container. But when seeds start sprouting you can remove the plastic wrapper from the container and give water to the seedlings with a spray bottle.
19- PLANT SEEDS AT A PROPER DEPTH
You can see the packets of the seeds where all the information regarding planting depth is given. For this purpose, you don’t need to measure precisely but you should follow the directions of the packets.
The tiny seeds should be covered by a layer of soil mix while the larger seeds should be sown about an inch deep. If you sow the seeds so deeply then they will not get enough energy to make it to the surface.
20- PURCHASED YOUR SEEDS FROM A TRUSTED SOURCE
The fresh and high-quality seeds will give you a higher germination rate. It means if you buy or get seeds from a trusted source so they will turn into healthy seedlings. You will get healthy and nutritious vegetables.