Beans are the annual vegetable and of the most rewarding and easiest vegetable to grow in your home garden. Beans are rapidly growing and mostly planted in spring and flowers will appear after two months of planting and harvesting time is different for different varieties. The uncooked or raw leaves are toxic or poisonous for animals, people, and pets.
Beans belong to the family Fabaceae and are native species of South America and Central America. Bean’s plant size ranges from 2-15 ft tall and 2-3 ft wide and common varieties are green bean, French bean, snap bean, and string bean. It is very easy to grow beans even beginners can grow so in this article we will discuss how to grow beans and we hope that this article will be very helpful for you.
Step By Step Process Of Growing Beans.
1. Best Season For Growing beans.
Do not plant beans too early so plant beans in spring after the first frost has passed. You can plant beans around March to April so planting them too late may not give them proper time to grow and get ready for harvesting because they needed a warm climate for thriving.
2. Select Planting Spot.
Select the sunniest spot of your home where your plant gets a lot of sunlight and soil with sharp drainage. Our suggestion for you is that grow your beans plant where no tall shrubs or trees are growing near beans plants so that no shadow will block direct sunlight.
3. Best Varieties Of Beans For Growing At Home.
The common varieties for growing beans at home are pole beans and bush beans.
- Pole bean vines usually climb by spiraling around vertical support so we needed some type of support on which they grow that’s why it can be grown in a small space of your garden. The support should be 6-8 ft tall because your crop matures gradually over a relatively long harvest period, usually 6 to 8 weeks.
- Bush beans can be planted in rows 2.5 to 3 ft apart from each other and seeds will be 1-2 inches apart from each other. So we can grow beans seeds in compact or small spaces, and your plant is usually 2 ft high so it is well-suited for raised-bed gardening and growing in pots. After germination, your seedling will be 3-4 inches after three to four weeks of sowing seeds. And your crop will mature over a shorter period of time than pole beans, that’s why they are a good choice if you have a plan of freezing, pickling, or canning after harvesting all at once.
4. Select Seeds.
After selecting variety pick seeds of your variety. You can buy seeds from a market, nursery, store, or supermarket. But if you are a beginner then our suggestion for you is that you can pick blue lake beans.
5. Sow Seeds.
After selecting seeds just sow 3 to 4 seeds about an inch deep with a distance of 3 to 4 inches apart. The best thing about growing beans is that you do not need to grow them in a separate seed germinating tray you will directly sow them in the soil after passing the last frost of spring.
6. Best Soil For Growing Beans.
The best soil for growing beans is loamy, moist, and well-draining soil with a slightly acidic pH. But remove weeds for reducing competition for nutrients and water. You can also grow beans in potting soil you can buy them from a nursery or you can prepare them at home. For making potting soil mix ⅓ of coco peat, ½ peat moss, ¼ compost, and ⅓ of garden soil it will be the best soil; for growing beans.
7. Light Requirement.
Beans are full-day plants for their proper growth they at least require 8 to 10 hours of sunlight. Light is the basic requirement for the proper growth of beans because it keeps them dry and protects them from fungal attacks.
Beans require one inch of water per week for determining water requirement you can check by a simple p[rocedure. Just dip your finger one inch deep if the soil is dry then water your plant but if the soil is wet then do not need of watering water your plant regularly because if your plant is under water it will not flower.
9. Ideal Temperature And Humidity Level.
The ideal temperature for the germination of seeds is 70 to 80 degrees. But if the temperature is low and below then 60 degrees then your seeds will germinate slowly or not germ innate because they are more susceptible to diseases.
Beans will grow in all humidity conditions if watered properly but beans stop flowering in extremely hot summer so water properly for proper growth.
10. Add Fertilizers.
Avoid heavy nitrogen fertilizer instead you can use 10-20-10 fertilizers for the proper growth of beans. As a source of organic fertilizer, you can throw kitchen scrap, banana peels, cow dunks, and eggshells in your garden. They will give all the essential nutrients after decomposing which are necessary for the proper growth of beans.
Mostly bean plants are self-pollinators so it will happen with the help of a gentle breeze but if they are cross pollinators then it will be happening with the help of insects or you simply shake them. insects are the main source of pollination so avoid using over limit insecticides and pesticides.
12. Insects And Diseases.
Pets and insects may attack your plant so prevent them from pests and insects use pesticides and insecticides. Seed rot may attack your plant so avoid planting in a cold climate it will protect your plant from several diseases.
13. Harvesting And Storing Of Beans.
Beans will be ready to pick after 3 to 4 months of planting but harvesting time totally depends upon variety, some varieties need less time, and some needs more time so harvest beans when they become mature. For harvesting just gently pull beans from the vine or by snapping them off from the vine end but do not damage the plant while harvesting.
After picking seeds you can use them for making several dishes and salads and You can also store beans in a freezer for one year. But freshly picked beans have better taste than frozen ones.