Tropics are the regions of the earth which are present near the equator. The countries which are in the tropical region are very hot due to direct exposure of sunlight, light rays enter into the tropical zone but they do not reflect back so it results in much warmer there.
Due to the high temperature in the tropical region leading export of tropical countries are rubber, tea, coffee, cocoa, spices, banana, pineapple, lumber, oils, and nuts.
Grapes can be grown in the tropical region but the growth cycle is different in the tropical zone as compared to other zones. We can grow grapes the whole year because flowering can occur at any time of year. Grapes are found in dark blue, pink, black and green color the most suitable place for grapes is sunny site and warm climate the tropical region is also very hot so the tropical zone is suitable for growing grapes.
The technique for growing grapes is different in the tropical region. The grape variety which is grown in tropical regions must have a short growth cycle, early ripening period, and high resistance to fungal diseases.
Tropical Growing Of Grapevine
Step By Step Process Of Growing Grapes In Tropics.
1. Planting Of Grapes.
Grapes are temperate fruits in reality but grapes can also be grown in both temperate and tropical regions. India and Brazil are tropical countries and one of the largest producers of grapes in the world they export a large quantity of grapes to Europe, the middle east, and Dubai.
Other tropical countries like Yemen, Thailand, Peru, and Tanzania also producing grapes but in a small quantity, they are not exporting many grapes to the world. It means that if you are living in a tropical climate you can also grow grapevine. But keep one thing in your mind buy a variety which grows well in your climate and tried to buy disease-resistant cultivar it is easy for you. Sow four to five seeds in the container.
Tropical areas with high humidity or with heavy or less rainfall are not suitable for growing grapevine and if you are living in this type of climate your plant will suffer from fungal diseases and you will have to take care of your plant with more attention. And there is also a possibility that you will obtain the fruit of lesser quality and a mild taste.
2. Select Size Of The Container.
For home, cultivation selects a container that can contain 7 to 10-gallon water. Select a container of large size as it can support grapevines. The wooden container is best for home cultivation in the tropical regions.
Don’t grow grapevines in wet and soggy soil it is not good for your plant. Sandy loam soil is best for cultivating grapevines the pH of soil must range from slightly acidic to neutral.
4. Variety Of Seeds.
Firstly buy seeds from the market or nursery or superstore, different types of seeds are available in the market but try to buy dwarf cultivar for home growing. Because it is easy to cultivate dwarf cultivar at home due to their small size. For home growing following varieties are available in the market superstore or nursery.
Beauty Seedless, Ruby Seedless, and Early Muscat gave good growth and yield but for home cultivation, Vitis vinifera is best because it grows well in a warm climate as in South America.
5. Location Of The Container.
Place bucket on a sunny, warm, and dry place and place with the good air passage.
Watered your grapevines in the morning instead of evening or afternoon because watering in the morning is more effective than water in the evening. Keep soil moist and when soil is dry watered your grapevines.
7. Trellis For Providing Support To Your Grapevines.
You will need a trellis to provide support to your grapevines when their size is gradually increasing. For providing support to your plant you can use trellis of any shape or of any material.
8. The Requirement Of Light For Grapevines.
Grapes are long-day plants they will require 7 hours of light per day for there proper growth but if you are living in a tropical region you need not worry about light factor because in the tropical region day is of 14 to 16 hours or more.
9. Fertilizers For Grapes.
Grapevines don’t need fertilizers. In place of inorganic fertilizers try to use organic fertilizers they are easy to use. Give your kitchen scrap, decomposed organic matter, and decomposed compost and decomposed manure to your vines for their better growth.
10. Mulching And Pollination.
Mulch soil of your container with pebbles, pine bark, and compost to prevent your plant from water loss. Grapes are self-fertilizing plants so pollination is not a big deal in case of grapes it will happen by wind, insects, and birds.
11. Pruning And Harvesting.
Prune branches of your grapevines which are older than two years because they are not able to produce fruit. Late winter is the best time for pruning so prune your vines.
Harvest is also very important only to harvest ripened grapes. When grapes have dark blue, black, pink, and green color then pick them and if grapes have sweat taste then pick them. The only harvest ripens grapes because grapes stop ripening when they pick up from vine.
Health Benefits Of Grapes.
1. The grapes extract can inhibit the risk of colon cancer.
2. The antioxidants in the grapes may reduce the risk of inflammation.
3. Grapes also promote heart health it contains flavonoids, phenolic acid, and resveratrol may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
4. Grapes may also reduce the risk of diabetes.
5. Grapes also help us to boost immunity because grapes are a source of vitamin K and vitamin C.
6. Grapes may also strengthen bones as it increases retention of calcium in the body.
7. Grapes extract may also protect us from microbial infection because it contains anti-microbial properties.
8. Grapes help us to maintain healthy skin as it repairs damaged skin cells, it protects skin cells against UV radiations by shielding them.
9. Grapes contain 82 percent water so grapes help us our skin and body to stay hydrated.
10. grapes also help us in weight loss as it is low calorie and fat-free fruit.