Some common names of tomatoes are Extrait de Tomate, Love Apple, Lycopersicon esculentum, Pomme d’Amour, Pomme d’Or, Raktamaci. Tomatoes are edible berries. Tomatoes are very good for our health so we use tomatoes in our daily life. We use tomatoes in salads, sandwiches, for juicing, to make tomato sauce, or for salsas and ketchup. Tomatoes are also very helpful in weight loss.
Tomatoes Fruit Or Vegetable?
Actually tomatoes are fruits and vegetables both because tomatoes are fruit according to botanical point of view as it is ripened flower ovary and tomatoes also contain seed. On the other hand, according to nutritionists tomatoes are vegetable so it is used in cooking.
Tomatoes are grown and eaten around the whole world. Ripened tomatoes are used in making salads or in slices, stewed, a variety of dishes, or processed to make ketchup or tomato soup. On the other hand, Unripe green tomatoes also breaded and fried, they also used to make salsa, or pickled. Tomato juice is also an amazing drink, so it is used in cocktails like Bloody Mary.
Tomatoes are a widely grown temperate region you can grow tomatoes in all the seasons by using greenhouse effects. The height of tomatoes is round about 3 to 10 feet but the size of tomatoes varies according to cultivar. As tomatoes are a source of the antioxidant lycopene, which has many health benefits, it reduces risk of heart disease and cancer. Tomatoes are a good source of vitamin C, potassium, folate, and vitamin K.
Growing Tomatoes Organically
Step By Step Process Of Growing Organic Tomatoes Faster At Home.
We will explain the process of growing organic tomatoes at home very easily. We hope that this article will be very helpful for you when you are growing organic tomatoes at home.
1. Pot Size.
The pot size is also very critical but for growing tomatoes, bigger and deeper containers are best. Tomatoes seedlings may be small, but a fully grown tomato plant requires a lot of space to develop a strong root system. Dwarf varieties can be grown in 3 to 5-gallon pots or they can also be grown in wall hanging basket.
Containers made up of plastic and other artificial materials are the best choices because they do not dry out quickly as they have a minimal number of holes. Wine barrels, fabric pots, and galvanized metal troughs also amazing choices for growing tomatoes.
But keep one thing in mind while a selection of pot it must have drainage holes and have good drainage capacity so that water does not stand in the pot.
2. Select Right Seeds.
If you are growing tomatoes at home in a pot then tried to buy dwarf cultivar. Because they have a small size and they not overgrown in the pot. So for home cultivation, we will recommend the following cultivar.
|1. Dwarf Rosella Crimson.||2. Dwarf Sweet Sue|
|3. Golden Dwarf Champion||4. Dwarf Firebird Sweet|
|5. Dwarf Mallee Rose|
You can plant above cultivars in containers because they are not overgrown they remain in the container due to their small size. You can plant “Tiny Tim” and “Micro-Tom” in a 3 to 5-gallon bucket. If your pot size is between 5 to 10 gallons than you can plant “Yellow Canary” and “Patio F Hybrid,” “Tumbling Tom Hybrid” and “Small Fry”.
3. Trellis For Providing Support.
If you are growing tomatoes in a pot and you wanted to grow them up then you will need a trellis and train your plant to climb up on the trellis. It will be very beneficial for your plant as it increases sunlight exposure and also keeps pests away from your plant. You can use a stake, cage, or trellis for this purpose.
The best soil for tomatoes is soil with neutral pH and nutrient-rich soil. Do not use garden soil for planting tomatoes mix your garden soil with perlite, peat moss, coco peat, and natural compost materials. So fill your pot with above potting soil mixture not with garden soil because it dries out quickly, poor drainage, and may contain weed seeds.
The best soil for growing tomatoes is that one which can hold moisture and soil which is nutrient-rich. The soil must have good drainage capacity.
5. Fertilizers For Tomatoes.
Many types of inorganic fertilizers are available in the market but we will recommend using organic fertilizers because they are safe to use and not harmful for health. To add nutrients to your soil you can add leaves, shredded twigs, and kitchen scraps in your pot. When they decompose they will work as a slow fertilizer.
You can also give manure to your plant as a source of organic fertilizers. You can also ground banana peels in your pot as a source of organic fertilizers when they decompose they will add nutrients to your soil.
You can also use the coffee ground as a source of organic fertilizer. Ground them along with pot when they decompose they will add nutrients to your soil.
Tomatoes are self-fertile plants which means that you will not need another plant for pollination. A tomato plant can pollinate itself you can pollinate your tomato plant with the help of hand pollinator. If you place your plant indoor move it outdoor let’s pollination begins to happen with the help of insects, bees, or by the wind.
7. Watering Of Tomatoes.
Watering is also a very critical factor so watered your newly planted tomatoes well. But keep one thing in mind soil must be moist and soggy because moist and soggy soil is ideal for growing tomatoes. Water your tomatoes plant daily in the morning because morning watering is more effective than evening watering.
As in the morning time water not evaporate rapidly due to low temperature and soil remains moist but watering in the evening or late afternoon is not beneficial because the soil will drain and as result, your plant soil will dry out during day time.
As when the temperature increases water your tomato plant twice a day. Your tomato plant typically requires 1-2 inches of water per week. But do not overwater your tomato plant it will result in cracked fruit and blisters or bumps on the lower leaves. If overwatering continues for few moths than as a result bumps or blisters on the leaves turn corky and roots begin to drown, die and rot, so it reduces the amount of water which is received by the green parts of the plant.
8. Basic Light Requirement Of Tomatoes.
Tomatoes require a lot of light for its proper growth so place them on a sunny location or near the window as tomatoes are long-day plants. So place your pot on most sunniest part of your house. Tomatoes require 6 to 8 hours of sunlight for their proper growth.
Mulching is also needed for better growth of your plant so after weeks of planting apply a layer of mulch so that to give extra nutrients to your plant. Because tomatoes require nutrient-dense soil or fertile soil to produce large, ripened, and juicy tomatoes.
But make sure that you will have to remove all the weeds from the garden to enhance the growth of your tomato plant because these weeds may use all the nutrients of soil which are necessary for the growth of your tomatoes. For this purpose, you can use a weed killer.
Pruning is also a very important step so prune all the suckers and yellow leaves by Using sharp and clean pair of pruning shears. The best time for the pruning of your tomato plant is the early morning of a dry day so that wounds of pruning will heal rapidly and chances of disease attack also reduce.
While on the other hand Determinate tomatoes not needed pruning at all. As pruning not help plants in producing more fruit or encourage vigorous growth.
11. Pests Attack And Diseases Of Tomatoes.
For home, gardening chooses disease-resistant varieties. To prevent your tomato plant from diseases provide adequate air circulation and also removed diseased tomatoes at the end of the growing season. Some common diseases of tomatoes are Early blight, Late blight, Verticillium wilt, Fusarium wilt, southern bacterial wilt, and Septoria leaf spot.
Tomato plants are very sensitive plants so almost effected by all types of pests. The most common pest found which attack your tomato plant is whitefly and hornworm, Flea beetles, aphids.
To protect your plant from pests attack mix up one tablespoon of baking soda, half teaspoon of any detergent, and two and a half tablespoons of olive oil in a gallon of water. Shake it well and spray it after a week and it is very effective against pests attack and fungal attacks such as Blight and mildew.
12. Harvesting Of Tomatoes.
Leave your tomatoes on your plant as long as possible if you have to pick tomatoes if fruit starts falling off then pick only red, ripe tomatoes and those tomatoes which are ready to eat. Do not keep tomatoes on your window sill for ripening because they will rot before ripening.
If any tomato falls off from plant before ripening, then put it in a brown paper bag and then store it in a root cellar. but keep one thing in mind stop irrigating your tomatoes as it reduces taste. Tomatoes did not freeze well, as its skin slips off after defrosting.