How To Grow Oyster mushroom Easily At Home.

 oyster mushroom is a common edible mushroom. The Oyster mushroom is the most cultivated type of mushroom in the world. The  Oyster mushroom is freely grown on and near trees in temperate and subtropical forests throughout the world. It was first cultivated in Germany but is now cultivated in Korea, japan, and china because they eat mushrooms. Oyster mushroom size ranges from 5 to 25cm and has a bittersweet aroma.

Oyster mushroom is one of the easiest varieties to grow among edible mushrooms and is delicious to eat and healthy for you too. Oyster mushrooms are highly tolerant of variations in temperature, humidity, light levels, and carbon dioxide levels, which make them a great choice for first-time growers or beginners. In this article, we will discuss how to grow mushrooms easily at home we hope this article will be beneficial for you.

1. Select variety.

Different varieties of oyster mushrooms are available so select one of the3m. For example, you can grow Pearl oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) is a common one and also called winter oyster mushroom, or grey oyster mushroom, and the most commonly available varieties. Another edge is that it grows best in colder temperatures.

The blue oyster mushroom is one of the fastest colonizers of all the oyster mushroom varieties and it prefers growing in cooler temperatures ranging from 45-65 F (12-18 C). Phoenix oyster mushroom (Pleurotus pulmonarius)is a summer oyster mushroom, Italian oyster mushroom, or Indian oyster mushroom. And it grows better in warmer climates. 

Golden oyster mushroom is well known for their amazing color, And it prefers warmer temperatures ranging from 64-86F (18C-30C)

2. Required Material For Growing Oyster Mushrooms.

  •  straw a medium for growing your oyster mushrooms.
  • Containers used for soaking straw.
  • Plastic bags or also you can use reusable containers for holding straws.
  • Elastic bands or string for constricting bag opening.
  • Cotton wool to filter out contaminants.
  • A barrel or drum is used for pasteurizing the straws
  • Material liner for holding bags within a barrel.
  • A gas burner is used for heating the barrel.
  • Bleach spray for a clean growing room.
  • Spoon, gloves, clean clothes, and face mask for avoiding any fungal infection.
  • A growing area that can retain moisture in the air, shaded with some light
  • plastic sheet to maintain humidity & to reduce other unwanted molds.
  • Mushroom spawn.
  • A water or weed sprayer for increasing humidity within the growing room)
  • A thermometer and hygrometer for keeping an eye on the temperature and relative humidity.

3. Decide the substratum On Which the Mushroom Grows.

The substratum is the food source that enables the growth of mushrooms. And the most widely used substrate for oyster mushrooms is straw. But as a byproduct, we can also use, sawdust, cardboard, coffee grounds, sugarcane bagasse, coco coir, and cotton waste and choose whatever which readily available.

But we suggest is to use wood pellets as they come already pasteurized and you just need to add water to hydrate them you can also use straw both are the best choice for first-time growers. You can also use ready-to-fruit oyster mushroom blocks because they come fully colonized and ready to grow. 

4. Preparation Of Substrate For Growing Mushrooms.

A substrate is a hydrated nutrient-dense food as it provides nutrients necessary for mycelium’s proper growth. For the preparation of the substrate, you will need Straw, cardboard, sawdust pallets, and coffee grounds.

Cardboard and straws.

Straw and cardboard are the most commonly used substrate for oyster mushroom cultivation because they are cheap and contains all the essential nutrients on which oyster mushrooms thrive. You can Pasteurize by soaking in hot water (at temp. 65-80C or 149-176 F) for 1-2 hrs, or in a cold water high-pH lime bath for 12-18 hours.

Sawdust Pellets.

Sawdust pallets are already pasteurized by the heat and pressure of the pellet production process.  But for preservation, you will Add an equal weight of water to the weight of pellets, and soak for 30 mins. And then mix until the pellets break Despite a lot of misinformation on the internet, coffee grounds can actually be a pretty good substrate for growing oyster mushrooms.

Coffee Grounds.

Coffee grounds are already pasteurized so use fresh coffee grounds which are already pasteurized and hydrated by the coffee brewing process. coffee grounds are the main component of making substrate so add pasteurized and hydrated coffee grounds.

4 Inoculation.

inoculation is the process of adding mushroom spawn or mycelium seed to your prepared substrate. But Before you start mixing, clean your hands well with soap and clean the surface with alcohol to avoid other microorganisms. 

After adding mushroom spawn Make sure your substrate has the right moisture content and the substrate is not too dry or too wet you can check by squeeze test. For the squeeze test firstly Squeeze the substrate slightly in your hand. Your substrate should be bound into a ball in your hand, and a few drops of water should come out. If more than a few drops come out then dry your substrate a bit. If your substrate does not hold together in your hand, then it is too dry, then simply add some water. If the moisture level is correct then seal the plastic bag.

.5. Incubation.

Incubation is basically your mushroom spawn growing and spreading out across the substrate, and preparation for the final phase of fruiting. For incubation, You can use any warm (20-24C) place in your houses like a cupboard, kitchen, or boiler room. But the area should be dark to prevent early pinning, but it’s not essential too much you can use any room of 20-24C.

Your mushroom spawn will come to life in the warm, humid conditions of the bags.

Fruiting And Harvesting.

When the bag is fully white it is time for fruiting at this time you can harvest oyster mushrooms. You can use these mushrooms,s for making soups, pizza, and several other Italian, Korean, and Japanese dishes.

At this stage, you can also grow mushrooms in your garden you just needed to main these conditions. Place your plastic bag in the partially shaded or shaded part of your home because it won’t gain any energy from the direct sunlight.

Place a 5cm slit or make a hole;e in your growing bag as it will provide fresh air and mycelium get oxygen. And spray water into your substrate to maintain humidity it will encourage mushroom growth. For fruiting of mushrooms, your temperature should be between 10-30C so maintain temperature. After 5-7 days your mushroom will start fruiting and you can use these freshly pickr\ed mushrooms for making several dishes.

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