Passion fruit is native to the subtropical region of South America. There is an old concept it has been originated in Paraguay, southern Brazil, and northern Argentina. But passion fruit is widely used in South America for making several dishes and is widely used.
Passion fruit is usually yellow but available in red and as well as purple colors the passion fruits vary in size from the size of a plum to the size of a grapefruit but the pulp itself is yellow. The flavor of passion fruit is refreshing when freshly picked and it becomes sweeter when it is ripped. Passion fruit has shiny skin and an appealing texture when it’s freshly picked, but its skin becomes shriveled and wrinkled as the fruit ripens.
We can quickly grow passion fruit in our garden in this article we will describe how to grow passion fruit in the wicking bed quickly at home. We hope that this article will be very helpful for you and provide complete guidance about growing passion fruit in the wicking bed.
Best Time For Planting Passion Fruit.
The growing season for passion fruit is early spring when the last frost is passed. Passion fruit grows well in hot and humid climates so you do not need any worry if you live in a warm climate but if you live in a cold environment below 32 Fahrenheit then prepare your plant for winter by spreading a few inches of compost.
Step By Step Process Of Growing Passion Fruit In Wicking Bed.
1. Buy Or extract seeds.
you can buy seeds from a store, supermarket, nursery, or from Bazar. You can also extract seeds from the passion fruit just buy a passion fruit from the market, or from the Bazar which is fully ripped and have a slightly wrinkled outer layer. Then cut it into halves and extracts the seeds.
2. Preparation Of Seeds
Seeds of ripened passion fruit have more chances of germination so extract seeds from the pulp by washing and then simply dry them with a help of a towel.
For improving the chances of sprouting of seeds rub them between a sheet of sandpaper and soak overnight for 12 hours. If you are not going to plant your seeds immediately then store them in an airtight container or in a sealed envelope.
3. Buy Or Prepare Wicking Bed.
You can buy a wicking bed from the market, store, Bazar, or from the nursery. Or you can prepare a wicking bed at home by following the steps.
- Place Wicking Bed On A Suitable place as when it is filled it is immovable so place the wicking bed on a partially shaded spot where it can gain 6 to 8 hours of light. So place it in the sunniest spot in your garden.
- The wicking bed needs to be leveled properly as it holds water. if the wicking bed is not leveled properly, water will drain out from one side and dry on the other side, So, level the wicking bed properly by digging and adding soil.
- Above 20cm from the ground drill, a hole in one side of the wicking bed then lay down a pond liner inside the wicking bed and fit properly.
- Then install a 20mm threaded pipe outlet and make a hole in the pond liner so that it fits in the pond liner to fit in the hole, install a rubber washing fitting against the pond liner and a water-tight seal is formed.
- drill 10mm(⅜) holes all around in the last 30cm, in a 50mm wide PVC pipe. For efficient watering, extend the length of the PVC pipe high enough above so that you can water your plants easily without any trouble or difficulty. For making a water inlet, we can use an L shape inlet, for this purpose Take a horizontal cross-section of three to four quarters of the bed and drill holes of 10-12mm all around.
- lay down a thin layer of coarse scoria as It will act as a protective layer of the pond liner so that it can’t be damaged by a PVC inlet pipe
- Clamp the wicking bed with a pond liner with the help of screw clamps so that the pond liner keeps in its place while filling the wicking bed with the material.
- Fill the wicking bed with coarse scoria But make sure that your coarse scoria layer is leveled fairly and evenly. Then lay down a geotextile fiber over the scoria layer and wrap it well around the inlet pipe. so that no soil will be entered into the scoria layer and level evenly.
- Cover the scoria layer with the help of two geotextile fiber layers and geotextile fiber must be tucked in all the sides so that scoria meets raised bed and your wicking bed can work properly. make sure no soil will be entered into the scoria layer, and you can place vertically extended sections between the scoria layer and pond liner.
- Level the scoria layer properly if any high spots are present then can be leveled by pulling around the spot area by pressing around the sides.
- But If the scoria level is too uneven then lift the geotextile fiber and level it properly. After leveling put the geotextile fiber in its place and level properly.
- After leveling the scoria layer correctly, fill the wicking bed with potting soil(sterile garden loam, sand, peat moss, compost, manure, coco peat mixture perfect for growing plants).
- Make sure the pond liner is placed against the walls of the wicking bed while filling it with soil.
- Trim out excess pond liner with the help of scissors and pruning shears and leave 3cm of the pond liner in the soil.
- Then your wicking bed is ready you can plant any of your plants in this article we are going to grow passion fruit in the wicking bed.
4. Sow Seeds.
Sow your seeds up to one inch deep. So that your seeds will get enough nutrients and water from the soil. But our suggestion for you is that for the sprouting of seeds you can use a seaweed solution it will help in the sprouting of seeds and provide all the essential nutrients which are needed for the proper growth of your seeds.
Water your seeds regularly two times in the first two weeks of sowing seeds and then you can skip evening watering. but we suggest morning watering because it is more effective than evening watering and plant absorb maximum water. Keep your soil moist but not soggy it may harm your plant.
6. Take care Of Your Plant.
If you take off your plant properly it will sprout and convert into a seedling after two to three weeks. Take are properly and water regularly your seed will sprout and converted into a seedling maximum after one month or after three to four weeks.
7. Add Organic Fertilizers For Better Growth.
Your passion fruit needed a lot of fertilizers for proper growth because it is a heavy feeder. You can use all-purpose fertilizer for providing essential nutrients.
Or you can add organic fertilizers as a source of organic fertilizer you can throw egg shells, kitchen scrap, banana peels, and water vegetables and fruits. After decomposing, they will be converted into simple molecule4s and provide all the essential nutrients which are needed for the proper growth of your plant.
8. Arrange Trellis For Support.
When your vines grow up to 20 to 25 inches long then arrange a trellis for the support of your vine. It will provide support and manage growth and your vine grows in a manner.
9. Mulching And Pruning.
Unlike other vines, passion fruit vines needed less maintenance for pruning just pruning where the fruit is bearing just for maintaining and controlling the growth and shape of the fruit. So prune your vine near the seeds with the help of pruning shears or scissors. Only remove unnecessary parts and avoid cutting main branches it will damage fruit and affect your yield.
And prune wilting leaves so that your plant will show more effective growth and bear more fruit. For mulching, you can add sand, beaks, coaster, or peat moss it will helpful for your plant growth and will protect your [plant from severe winter.
Passion fruit takes 12 to 18 months for bearing fruit, so if you plant your seed in early spring it will be ready to harvest in early summer or fall of the following year. But If you live in a tropical climate, the plants will flower and bear fruit around the year.
When your passion fruits are bright in color and their outer layer is slightly wrinkled, they are ready to harvest and ready for eating. For harvesting passion fruit Simply pluck them from the vine with your hands or with the help of pruning shears, or they will fall to the ground.
11. Storage Of Passion Fruit.
According to our suggestion, You can store passion fruit in the refrigerator for two to three days, you can separate the pulp and freeze it for up to three months, or you can seal it in freezer containers or bags.