Queen palm trees are the most dramatically and domestically grown palm trees in the world, Queen’s palms are moderately tolerant of salt spray and the average height of the palm tree is up to 50 feet with a spread of 20-25 feet and its trunk diameter varies from 8-15 inches.
The native queen palm tree in South America was introduced to the whole world from South America as an ornamental tree. Queen Palms are messy and produced one or two times per year. The average lifespan of queen palm trees is between 70 to 100 years.
The fruit of the palm tree dates and is usually eaten by mammals and humans and falls in the form of large and heavy clusters. The queen palm tree gives an elegant and stylish look to your garden or backyard and enhances the beauty of your home.
Queen palm trees are tall, beautiful trees but everyone could not grow them and queen palms flourish and grow vigorously in the U.S Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 9b through 11.
1. Best varieties for growing palm trees.
The varieties of palm tree which grows best in the zone 10 and 11 are:
- Arikury Palm( a small tree that grows up to 12 feet in height).
- Luxury Palm ( it grows up to 35 feet in height and has olive green and silvery green spiral leaves).
- Overtop Palm (they are 60 feet high and have a tall gray trunk).
2. Growing Palm Tree.
You can grow palm trees from the seeds. When the fruit falls on the ground and is nearly ripe then remove the pulp from the fruit you will get the seed. Then soak this seed in the water for a few days then plant this seed after a few days into the well-drained, moist, and potting soil.
Seeds will germinate slowly for up to 6 weeks up to six months and when after six months seedling will form when it becomes mature transplant it to the sunniest part of your location.
3. Light Requirement.
Plant your palm tree in the location where it receives full sun and can get 6 to 8 hours daily. You can plant your palm tree in partial shade but our suggestion is to plant it in the sunny location of your home or backyard.
The best soil for growing palm trees is sandy, acidic soil, and alkaline soil. So that your palm tree can get enough minerals from the soil which are necessary for the proper growth of the plant.
The deficiency of different minerals can cause different diseases in the palm tree-like an iron deficiency can cause the yellowing of the tree, magnesium deficiency causes new fronds to frizzle, and potassium deficiency causes tips of the oldest frond to frizzle.
Queen’s palms need moderate watering when they are young. When your palm trees become mature and established water your plant regularly in winter and summer.
In summer water your plant regularly two to three times per week regularly water your plant properly so that its roots will not dry.
Queen palm trees love hot and humid environments and palm trees have sensitive frost in zone 9 but a well-established and mature palm tree can tolerate up to 15 degrees and can not tolerate temperatures up to 20 degrees Fahrenheit. The queen palm trees which are present in south Florida are moderately tolerant of salt spray.
Some fertilizers are specially made for the palm tree and our suggestion for you is to choose one which provides a trace element if the soil is not sandy. Spray this fertilizer on your palm tree after every six months so that your plant shows better growth.
For pruning our suggestion is that don’t take off too many fronts at once. When fronds turn brown and die, prune these dead fronds from your plant so that you keep away pests and protect them from disease.
The Queen palm tree is a self-cleaning palm as it sheds its fronds so that it approves the appearance of the palm tree. Palm trees are damaged by freezing temperatures if the damage is severe prune the fronds of your palm tree.
9. Pests And Diseases.
Caterpillars, are moths that hide and feed under the carpet when these pests attack your plant you can remove them from leaves with the help of high water pressure. Scale and spider mites will also attack your queen palm tree insecticides will not help in this matter.
You can use high water pressure to remove these pests from leaves. Take care of the palm tree trunk properly because it is more susceptible to damage and the spread of diseases. The diseases which spread more in queen palm trees are Wilt, Oak root rot, Pink rot, Ganoderma butt rot.
10. Take Care Of Palm Tree.
Queen palm trees are more suitable for growing in commercial and residential areas and usually grow along sidewalks and streets. Avoid direct full sun because in full sunlight it will burn leaves. Keep soil moist and water whenever soil will dry. Prune fronds occasionally on your queen palm tree and apply fertilizers to your palm tree after every six months.